Hammamet, Tunisia, 6‐8 November 2012
The Regional Symposium on the Management of Fruit Flies in Near East Countries, Hammamet, Tunisia, 6-8 November 2012, was organized jointly by FAO, FAO-IAEA, AAEA, NEPPO, IOBC North Africa Commission, DG Plant Protection in Tunisia and the Tunisian Association of Plant Protection (ATPP).
The symposium included several key speakers, oral presentations, posters, a round table and a field trip, and dealt mainly with the following issues:
- Brief background, history and geographical distribution of fruit flies;
- Biology, ecology, life cycle, host preferences and nature of damage of fruit flies;
- Detection and phytosanitary measures (pathways);
- Management strategies :
- Semiochemicals (mass trapping, bait stations)
- Sanitation (good agricultural practices)
- Sterile Insect Technique (SIT)
- Male Annihilation Technique (MAT)
- Contingency measures to respond to outbreaks;
- Problems outside the Near East region, especially in Africa, Asia and South Europe;
- Round table: conclusions, recommended IPM-fruit flies strategies;
- Technical and tourist trip to Cap bon (Centre Technique des Agrumes – CTA), Tunisia
The symposium provided a common forum for researchers, regulatory authorities, experts from extension services or advisory bodies, and the crop protection industry, NGOs, and many private sector and regional organizations, etc. It was a good occasion to share knowledge on fruit fly biology, phytosanitary and control measures, particularly surveillance/ monitoring, gaps and IPM strategy. Therefore, the available information related to the integrated management (IPM) of fruit flies was collected from different parts of the globe but especially from the Mediterranean region.
More than 100 participants took part in the symposium, coming from 23 countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Europe, Africa and Asia.
The activities of the symposium were developed according to the attached agenda (see below). The symposium took place under the patronage of HE Minister of Agriculture in Tunisia who opened the symposium in the presence of a representative of the FAO Sub-regional Office for North Africa in Tunisia (SNE), the DG of Plant Protection in Tunisia as well as the representatives of different regional organizations participating in the symposium.
A summary on the different sessions is attached in Annex II and abstracts as well as presentations in the Annex III.
All the information related the Symposium, including the agenda and list of participants, are uploaded on the website of FAO-AGP, RNE, FAO-IAEA, AAEA, NEPPO, IOBC and other organizers.
Session 1: Biology, Ecology and Population Dynamics (I)
- Khaled Alrouechdi and Shoki Aldobae: A look at fruit flies species in Near East countries
- Samira Mohamed Faris, Sunday Ekesi and Fathiya Khamis: Biology and management of fruit flies in Africa and their potential impact in Near East countries (Keynote presentation).
- Mekki Chouibani: Fruit flies and role of regional plant protection organization in minimizing their impact
- Ahmed H. El-Heneidy: Status of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and its control measures in Egypt.
- Eman M. M. El-Kousy, F.A. Abdel-Galil, M.A. Amro, Doaa S. Mohamed, and M. H. A. Shafey: Seasonal occurrence and infestation patterns of fruit flies invading guava orchards in upper Egypt.
- Nashat A. Ali, Azza A. Awad, and Hend O. Mohamed: Population fluctuation of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in relation to prevailing weather factors in Assuit Governorate.
- Faiza E. E. Salah, Hayder Abdelgader, Marelize De Villiers: The occurrence of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae) in fruit orchards in Sudan.
- Hayder Abdelgader, Faiza E. E. Salah and Marelize De Villiers: Abundance of Bactrocera invadens in central Sudan.
- Faiza M. A. Magid, Eltigani E. Ali, Amani M. Khair and Mohammed E. E. Mahmoud: Seasonal abundance of Bactrocera invadens, Ceratitis cosyra and Ceratitis capitata (Tephritidae: Diptera) in River Nile State (Shendi area), Sudan.
- Esam Eldin B. M. Kabbashi and Osman E. Nasr: Effect of guava fruit colour and size on fruit fly incidence in Khartoum State.
- Nassir A. Al-jamali, Adel K. Al-rubai and Aid N. Al-zubaid: Study the geographical distribution and host range for Med fly Ceratitis capitata in fruit planting regions in Babylon-Iraq during 2009-2010.
- Saeed A. Ba-Angood and Nasir Kh. Sunaid :Ecological studies on the peach/mango fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Tephritidae: Diptera) in Lahij Governorate, Republic of Yemen.
- Tawfiq M. Al-Antary, Muna Salem Al-Faweer and Muhammad Adel Eftayeh: Comparative study between nine trapping techniques for monitoring the medfly in citrus orchard in Jordan.
- Vildan Bozkurt and Erdogan Ayan: A subtropical pest in Ankara (Turkey): Mediterranean fruit fly: Ceratitis capitata (Wiedeman) (Diptera: Tephritidae).
- Sanja Radonjić: Current status of the Mediterranean fruit fly in Montenegro.
- Nikos T. Papadopoulos: Geographic distribution, population dynamics and management of the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northern Mediterranean countries.
Session 4: Control methods: Cultural and biocontrol
- Sylvia Blümel: IPM activities of IOBC-WPRS for the control of fruit flies (Tephritidae) in Europe(Keynote presentation).
- Faiza M. A. Magid, Eltigani E. Ali, Amani M. Khair and Mohammed E. E. Mahmoud: Cultural practices: The hidden role on management of tephritid fruit flies (Diptera).
- Abderrahim El Keroumi, K. Naamani, N. Zhar and A. Dahbi: La fourmi Monomorium subopacum (Formicidae) agent de control biologique de la mouche méditerranéenne des fruits Ceratitis capitata (Tephritidae) dans la forêt d’arganier au sud-ouest du Maroc.
- Larry Vaughan and Kémo Badji: Status of the management of the invasive fruit fly Bactrocera invadens in Senegal.
- Sobhy Temerak, M. Lysandrou, A. Moussa, A. Chloridis and P. Nagy: Spinosad bait, an organic green bio-insecticide to combat the cucurbit fly, Dacus ciliatus (Loew) and the peach fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Egypt.
Session 5: Control methods: Chemical control
- Hasanein Yousuf Abdul Raheem:The geographical distributions of Mediterranean fruit flyCeratitis capitata (Wiedeman) (Diptera:Tephritidae) and its management in Iraq.
- Hossein Noori and H. Heidary: The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Gmelin (Dip: Tephritidae), management in Iran.
- Shahadath Hossain, Azmat Ullah and Golam Kibria: Development of management strategy against fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis in mandarin (Citrus reticulata).
Session 6: Control methods: Mass trapping and bait stations
- Rui Pereira, Jorge Hendrichs, Jesus Reyes and Marc Vreysen: Area-wide integrated pest management of tephritid fruit flies using the sterile insect technique(Keynote presentation).
- Hassani Mounir: Attract & kill (AA L&K) Cerat: New solution based on attract and kill technology to control the Mediterranean fruit fly.
- Sarra Bouagga, Nayem Hassan, Adel Jammazi and Monia B.H. Kamel: Evaluation of Ceranock attract and kill and Femilure mass trapping strategies to combat Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata in Tunisia.
- Senda Boulahia Kheder, I. Trabelsi, M. Tlemsani et F. Jrad: The IPM based on mass-trapping: is it an efficient method to control the medfly Ceratitis capitata(Diptera, Tephritidae)?
- Badr El-Sabah A. Fetoh: Chemo sterilization effect of some inorganic salts on the cucurbit fly, Dacus ciliatus (Leow) (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Session 7: Control methods: MAT and SIT
- Salah Oukil and Renè Causse: Comparison of susceptibility and nychtemerals rhythms between reared insects of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and wild population of Algeria treated with a fenthion insecticide.
- Hamid R. Zolfagharieh, M. Babaii, N. Kalantarian, H. H.Fatholahi, and S. Mafi Pasakolaei: Application of sterile insect technique for controlling Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae).
- Heitham Hamden, Meriem M’saad Guerfali, Salma Fadhl, Mouldi Saidi and Claude Chevrier:Fitness improvement of mass-reared sterile males of Ceratitis capitata (Vienna 8 strain) after gut enrichment with probiotics.
- Mario Bjelis, L. Popovic, I. Marusic, S. Gakic, I. Buljubasic, A. Ivanovic, P. Arnaut and R. Pereira: Suppression of medfly by SIT in Neretva river valley of Croatia.
Session 8: Genetics, Quarantine and Post-harvest Treatments
- Petter Francoise, Suffert Muriel, Brunel Sarah, Roy Anne Sophie, Griessinger Damien, McMullen Madeleine, Vlasta Zlof and Rob Sunley (by videoconference): EPPO’s recommendations, standards and information on fruit Flies
- Mohammed E.E. Mahmoud, Nur Azura Binti Adam, Sumaia M. A. Abukashwa, Mohamed A. O. Kambal and Alia A. Rizki: DNA finger prints of major tephritid fruit flies of Sudan.
- Meriem M’saad Guerfali, K. Mathiopoulos, Heitham Hamden, Lotfi Sellini, Faouzi Lahmar, Salma Fadhl, C. Callejas and Maria Dolores Ochando: The use of molecular markers for the determination of pattern distribution and genetic variability of the fruit flies.
- Raida A. A. Al-Awamleh: Vapour heat treatment against tephritid fruit flies: Approval of Egyptian facility by Jordanian Phytosanitary Authority.
- Nagat Mubarak El Tayeb: Phytosanitary treatments for Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) and other fruit flies important to Near East Region.